Lessons from Country Diagnosis: Vocational Training PPPs are not Sufficiently Developed

Although the development of public-private partnerships (PPP) is mentioned in the three countries’ vocational training policy documents, several major obstacles impede their execution.

The lack or absence of framework documents (legal and regulatory texts) and of institutional frameworks detailing the roles and responsibilities of public and private actors have been identified as major obstacles to the development of PPPs in vocational training.

In the absence of such regulatory and institutional frameworks, the modalities (approaches, means, fields of application) and operational tools (guides and manuals) for the implementation of PPPs are imprecise. Consequently, public and private players have varying understandings of the definition and content of PPPs.

A communication deficit hinders the sensitization of public and private players on the stakes of PPPs and fails to contribute to the emergence of greater interest in partnership-based approaches among public and private vocational education players, leading to the weak level of their commitment, as noted.

In this context, some actors still believe that the government should continue to play a central role in the development of vocational training.

Furthermore, in the three countries, the economies are dominated by the informal sector, but no specific approaches exist to consider partnership-based approaches involving public and private entities in the TVET sector.

Finally, this general context being fairly limiting in itself, a deficit of competencies and resources hinders the development of PPPs.