A Timely Diagnosis of Obstacles to the Implementation of the Vocational Education Policy

Burkinabè stakeholders carrying out their diagnosis
Burkinabè stakeholders carrying out their diagnosis

This table was jointly elaborated with the International Institute for Educational Planning’s Pôle de Dakar (IIPE/UNESCO) team from March onwards, through its Platform of Expertise in Vocational Training (PEFOP).

This participatory process of identification and analysis of the main obstacles mobilized 60 or so representatives of public bodies (ministries, agencies, national programmes), the private sector, unions and training institutes, as well as national experts and development partners (DPs), over a two-month period.

On the basis of a preliminary diagnosis drawing on specific interviews held in mid-March with the leadership of the main organizations and institutions involved, Burkinabè players were able to confront their perceptions and analyses during a focus-group type workshop spanning a week in April. They sought to determine the direct, underlying and deep-rooted causes for each of the obstacles identified, according to the PEFOP framework of five priority strategic axes. This exercise benefited from the fine-tuning of the constraint analysis methodology, that the IIEP-Pôle de Dakar team is experimenting in other participating countries where the PEFOP programme is underway.

In parallel to the PEFOP process, Ouagadougou was host the same week to a workshop involving the main vocational education DPs in Burkina Faso. Their aim was to conduct a prospective appraisal in view of a new phase of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector Policy Support Programme (PAPS/EFTP), supported by a consortium of six donors since 2012. The DPs found several obstacles to the implementation of renewed vocational education policy in the diagnosis, that was presented to them in a specific work group, and found to be highly complementary to their own ongoing analysis. On this basis, they agreed with the IIEP-Pôle de Dakar that it was opportune to align the different analyses underway, to provide Burkina Faso with as many tools as possible in support of the renewal of national policy. This desire for synergy was fully approved by the General Director for Vocational Education in Burkina Faso, also national focal point for the PEFOP support programme and PAPS/EFTP coordinator, M. Mounirou Farta, who underscored the importance of aligning the support of different partners in his closing remarks.

This convergence is crucial in the eyes of M. Naceur Chraiti, Head of PEFOP, who in conclusion to this week in Ouagadougou highlighted that “the exceptional mobilization of Burkinabe players, and the high level of acceptance of the approach by the main vocational education stakeholders in Burkina Faso, provide a favorable outlook for the following phases. The anchorage of PEFOP’s support in the Burkinabe government’s national strategy over the next three years is guaranteed, which should enable a genuine and helpful contribution to the implementation of the national vocational training policy.”